Concepts of Waste Management

Cost-saving in waste and cleaning management

In a combined project involving 19 local authority operators, waste disposal logistics, street cleaning, workshop practice, cost accounting and the monitoring of cost-effectiveness have been subject to intensive analysis, together with organisation and administration. This process has generated a range of proposals and recommendations for the exploitation of existing potential for savings.


Compliance with more stringent environmental standards and the progressive development of the separate collection and recycling of different wastes have led to a substantial increase in waste management costs.  The need to improve productivity has resulted in concerted efforts for the establishment of optimisation and cost reduction options.

In order to exploit potential for cost savings in waste management operations, 19 operators have joined forces in this combined project and have investigated the following subsidiary areas:

  • Waste disposal logistics
  • Street cleaning
  • Workshop practice
  • Cost accounting and the monitoring of cost-effectiveness
  • Organisation and administration


  • In terms of logistics, clear potential for cost savings has been identified in the form of the improved planning of collection rounds and the more rational deployment of personnel resources.
  • Street cleaning costs can be reduced through the optimisation of actual cleaning times and the planning of cleaning rounds.  However, a two-shift system will generate only limited cost savings.
  • Workshop costs will be largely dependent upon the age and degree of uniformity of the vehicle fleet to be managed.  Above all, a high degree of transparency in the recognition of mutual dependencies will be necessary if cost reductions are to be achieved.
  • For the effective monitoring of cost-effectiveness, an auditing system has been developed which is tailored to the needs of local authority operators.
  • With regard to administration, a range of recommendations has been formulated for the organisation of standard procedures.

Project Participants

Implementing Institutions

Stadt Aschaffenburg - Umweltamt

Stadt Bergisch Gladbach - Abfallwirtschaftsbetrieb

Stadt Coburg - Entsorgungs- und Baubetrieb

COSTAR Cottbuser Stadtreinigung und Umweltdienste GmbH

AbfallWirtschaftsGesellschaft mbH (AWG), Abteilung Technik

Entsorgung Dortmund GmbH (EDG)

Stadtreinigung Dresden GmbH

AWISTA Gesellschaft für Abfallwirtschaft und Stadtreinigung mbH

Wirtschaftsbetriebe Duisburg

Stadt Heidelberg - Amt für Abfallwirtschaft und Stadtreinigung

Stadt Ibbenbüren - Baubetriebsamt

Landkreis Kassel - Regionale Abfallentsorgung

Stadtreinigungs-, Transport- und Baubetrieb Lüdenscheid

Wirtschaftsbetrieb Ludwigshafen (WBL) - Stadtreinigung

Abfallwirtschaft und Stadtreinigungsbetrieb Nürnberg (ASN)

Refuse disposal and city cleansing service (ASP)

Stadt Recklinghausen - Stadtreinigungs- und Fuhramt

Remscheider Entsorgungsbetriebe - Geschäftsbereich Abfallwirtschaft

Entsorgungsbetriebe der Stadt Ulm (EBU)

Cooperation Partner

Institut für Abfall, Abwasser und Infrastrukturmanagment GmbH, Ahlen

Institut für Umweltökonomie, Münster / Mainz

uve Umweltmanagement & -planung GmbH

INTECUS Abfallwirtschaft und umweltintegratives Management GmbH

More Project Information

Project title:
Cost-saving in waste and cleaning management

Project number: T0291193G; 0251193Q; 0291193K; 0261193H; 0271193A; 0291193B; 0261193M; 0261193F; 0261193; 0281193J; 0261193R; 0271193N; 0291193T; 0251193L; 0251193S; 0261193C; 0281193P; 0271193D; 0291193Eext

Project period: 1999 - 2002

Project region: Germany (Bavaria, North Rhine-Westphalia)

Project contact:

Uwe Schilling
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Source: German National Library of Science and Technology Hannover (TIB)