Drinking Water

Liberalization of the German Water Supply - Effects on Health and Environmental Protection, Overview of a Regulatory Framework for a Competitive Water Resources Policy

Lifting the currently existing territorial monopolies of the drinking water supply in Germany can result in distinct setbacks in the area of health and environmental protection. Such liberalization is also accompanied by yet unsolved questions of constitutional law. Contrary to the already liberalized electricity, gas, and telecommunications markets, the supply with potable water takes place within protected territorial monopolies and is thus primarily controlled by the communities and municipalities. If a market opening were to further increase the cost pressures for companies, today"s high standard of supplying drinking water would be in danger.

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Source: Federal Environment Agency (UBA)